Developed by Research in Practice, this 2017 paper brings together evidence that supports interventions and multi-agency and inter-professional approaches to working to improve outcomes for young people who may be affected by child sexual exploitation (CSE). Although CSE may be a complex area, what is not in question is who causes CSE. The blame lies clearly with the perpetrators who exploit young people and cause them harm; this is irrespective of the behaviour or circumstances of the victim. Discussions within this evidence scope actively challenge assumptions, practice and language that may contribute to victim blaming of children affected by CSE.